Etnografía, política y poder a finales del siglo XIX

José Martí y la cuestión indígena

By Jorge Camacho

Etnografía, política y poder a finales del siglo XIX

256 pp., 6 x 9, notes, bibl

  • Paperback ISBN: 978-1-4696-1000-9
    Published: December 2013

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Distributed for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Romance Studies

In Etnografía, política y poder a finales del siglo XIX: José Martí y la cuestión indígena, Jorge Camacho traces the development of José Martí’s ideas about progress, the market, and the educational reforms carried out by liberal governments in Central America, Argentina, and the United States at the end of the 19th century. Unlike previous work in the area that tends to focus on Martí’s famous essay “Our America”, Camacho shows his support of laws and military acts that were very detrimental to the Indians during this time. Among these acts were Julio Roca’s genocidal “campaign” in Argentina that virtually wiped out the indigenous population in La Pampa and General Rufino Barrios’ expropriation and commercialization of indigenous lands in Guatemala. The book also sheds light on Martí’s ideas about social-evolution and race, discourses that were frequently used by the cultural elites to justify their acts.

About the Author

Jorge Camacho is associate professor of Spanish and comparative literature at the University of South Carolina-Columbia, and he has published numerous articles on José Martí.
For more information about Jorge Camacho, visit the Author Page.