The Threshold of Democracy

Athens in 403 B.C.E.

Fourth Edition

By Josiah Ober, Naomi J. Norman, Mark C. Carnes

Approx. 252 pp., 8 x 10, 4 maps, 2 tables, notes, bibl

  • Paperback ISBN: 978-1-4696-7075-1
    Published: July 2022
  • eBook ISBN: 978-1-4696-7234-2
    Published: July 2022

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The Threshold of Democracy re-creates the intellectual dynamics of one of the most formative periods in Western history. In the wake of Athenian military defeat and rebellion, advocates of democracy have reopened the Assembly, but stability remains elusive. As members of the Assembly, players must contend with divisive issues like citizenship, elections, remilitarization, and dissent. Foremost among the troublemakers: Socrates.

About the Authors

Josiah Ober is professor of political science and classics at Stanford University.
For more information about Josiah Ober, visit the Author Page.

Naomi J. Norman is Meigs Distinguished Teaching Professor of classics and associate vice president of instruction at the University of Georgia.
For more information about Naomi J. Norman, visit the Author Page.

Mark C. Carnes is professor of history at Barnard College.
For more information about Mark C. Carnes, visit the Author Page.