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Reconstructing the Landscapes of Slavery

A Visual History of the Plantation in the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic World

By Dale W. Tomich, Reinaldo Funes Monzote, Carlos Venegas Fornias, Rafael de Bivar Marquese

176 pp., 10 x 9, 84 color plates, 1 map, 1 table, notes, bibl., index

  • Paperback ISBN: 978-1-4696-6312-8
    Published: April 2021
  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-4696-6311-1
    Published: April 2021
  • eBook ISBN: 978-1-4696-6313-5
    Published: March 2021

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Assessing a unique collection of more than eighty images, this innovative study of visual culture reveals the productive organization of plantation landscapes in the nineteenth-century Atlantic world. These landscapes—from cotton fields in the Lower Mississippi Valley to sugar plantations in western Cuba and coffee plantations in Brazil’s Paraíba Valley—demonstrate how the restructuring of the capitalist world economy led to the formation of new zones of commodity production. By extension, these environments radically transformed slave labor and the role such labor played in the expansion of the global economy.

Artists and mapmakers documented in surprising detail how the physical organization of the landscape itself made possible the increased exploitation of enslaved labor. Reading these images today, one sees how technologies combined with evolving conceptions of plantation management that reduced enslaved workers to black bodies. Planter control of enslaved people’s lives and labor maximized the production of each crop in a calculated system of production. Nature, too, was affected: the massive increase in the scale of production and new systems of cultivation increased the land’s output. Responding to world economic conditions, the replication of slave-based commodity production became integral to the creation of mass markets for cotton, sugar, and coffee, which remain at the center of contemporary life.

About the Authors

Dale W. Tomich is professor emeritus of sociology at Binghamton University.
For more information about Dale W. Tomich, visit the Author Page.

Reinaldo Funes Monzote is professor of history at the University of Havana.
For more information about Reinaldo Funes Monzote, visit the Author Page.

Carlos Venegas Fornias is a researcher at Centro de Investigaciones Juan Marinello in Havana.
For more information about Carlos Venegas Fornias, visit the Author Page.

Rafael de Bivar Marquese is professor of history at the University of São Paulo in Brazil.
For more information about Rafael de Bivar Marquese, visit the Author Page.

Reviews

“Revealing the deep integration between the particularities of crop and environment on the one hand and capitalist modernity on the other, this book’s analytical clarity and significance will change how we think about nineteenth-century expansions of slavery in the New World.”—Edward E. Baptist, author of The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism

“The photographs, lithographs, and prints of plantation landscapes are immersed in histories elevating the past’s silences. The authors bring to light a sharp understanding of the industrial forces that powered such imaginations, reconfiguring territory and subjectivities of labor and planter alike. These images are compelling and show clearly the plantation works’ industrial character and the enslaved labor’s regimentation. Scholars working on the Global South should heed this volume’s tackling of broader questions of slavery within capitalist production.”— Michaeline A. Crichlow, author of Globalization and the Postcreole Imagination: Notes on Fleeing the Plantation